International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

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HRAC GROUP 5 (LEGACY C1 C2) RESISTANT GIANT FOXTAIL
(Setaria faberi)


PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)

United States, Maryland
INTRODUCTION GIANT FOXTAIL
Giant Foxtail (Setaria faberi) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.  In Maryland this weed first evolved resistance to Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2) herbicides in 1984 and infests Corn (maize), and Cropland.   Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2) herbicides are known as PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (Inhbition of Photosynthesis at PSll - Serine 264 Binders ).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to atrazine and they may be cross-resistant to other Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2) herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Sep 15, 2000 )

Common NameGiant Foxtail
SpeciesSetaria faberi
GroupPSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)
Herbicidesatrazine
LocationUnited States, Maryland
Year1984
Situation(s)Corn (maize), and Cropland
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Ronald Ritter 
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NOTES ABOUT THIS BIOTYPE

GENERAL

Ronald Ritter
Also resistant to simazine and cyanazine.

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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, and Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Giant Foxtail biotype with this Giant Foxtail biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on HRAC Group 5 resistant Giant Foxtail have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2) resistant Giant Foxtail from Maryland please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

RONALD RITTER
Professor
University Of Maryland
Plant Science and Landscape Architecture
1118 H. J. Patterson Hall
College Park, 20742 , Maryland
United States
Email Ronald Ritter
Web   : Web Site Link

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Maryland have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Ronald Ritter for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Giant Foxtail Globally
(Setaria faberi)
Herbicide Resistant Giant Foxtail Globally
(Setaria faberi)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Giant Foxtail Globally
(Setaria faberi)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Canada (Ontario) CanadaOntario2003 Soybean imazethapyr 7 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail5210
2 SpainSpain 1987 Corn (maize) atrazine 38 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail184
3 United States (Maryland) United StatesMaryland1984 Corn (maize), and Cropland atrazine 45 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail428
4 United States (Wisconsin) United StatesWisconsin1991 Carrots, Corn (maize), Onions, and Sweet corn fluazifop-butyl, and sethoxydim 45 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail415
5 United States (Iowa) United StatesIowa1992 Corn (maize) atrazine 45 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/5)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail241
6 United States (Iowa) United StatesIowa1994 Soybean clethodim, fenoxaprop-ethyl, fluazifop-butyl, quizalofop-ethyl, and sethoxydim 45 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail1064
7 United States (Minnesota) United StatesMinnesota1996 Corn (maize), and Soybean imazethapyr, nicosulfuron, and primisulfuron-methyl 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail503
8 United States (Illinois) United StatesIllinois1998 Soybean clethodim, and fluazifop-butyl 45 Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (A/1)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail7863
9 United States (Wisconsin) United StatesWisconsin1999 Corn (maize), and Soybean imazethapyr, and nicosulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail1171
10 United States (Pennsylvania) United StatesPennsylvania2004 Corn (maize) foramsulfuron, imazamox, and nicosulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail5259
11 United States (Indiana) United StatesIndiana2004 Corn (maize) nicosulfuron, and rimsulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail5520
12 United States (Michigan) United StatesMichigan2006 Corn (maize), and Soybean foramsulfuron, imazethapyr, and nicosulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail5290
13 United States (Illinois) United StatesIllinois2007 Corn (maize), and Soybean imazethapyr, and nicosulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
149Setaria faberiGiant Foxtail7862
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