INTERNATIONAL HERBICIDE-RESISTANT WEED DATABASE

HRAC GROUP 2 (LEGACY B) RESISTANT SMALLFLOWER UMBRELLA SEDGE
(Cyperus difformis)


Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)

India, Chhattisgarh and Kerala states
INTRODUCTION SMALLFLOWER UMBRELLA SEDGE
Smallflower Umbrella Sedge (Cyperus difformis) is a monocot weed in the Cyperaceae family.  In India this weed first evolved resistance to Group 2 (Legacy B) herbicides in 2017 and infests Rice.   Group 2 (Legacy B) herbicides are known as Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to bispyribac-sodium and they may be cross-resistant to other Group 2 (Legacy B) herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Mar 14, 2022 )

Common NameSmallflower Umbrella Sedge
SpeciesCyperus difformis
GroupInhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Herbicidesbispyribac-sodium
LocationIndia, Chhattisgarh and Kerala states
Year2017
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)V. K. Choudhary, Bhumesh Kumar, and Seshadri Reddy 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Smallflower Umbrella Sedge biotype with this Smallflower Umbrella Sedge biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on HRAC Group 2 resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

Studies on the mechanism of resistance of Group 2 (Legacy B) resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge from India indicate that resistance is due to an altered target site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the mechanism of resistance in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group 2 (Legacy B) resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge from India please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

V. K. CHOUDHARY
Senior Scientist
ICAR-Directorate of Weed Research
Agronomy
ICAR-Directorate of Weed Research
Maharajpur
Jabalpur, 482004, Madhya Pradesh
India
Email V. K. Choudhary
BHUMESH KUMAR
Senior Scientist (plant Physiology)
Directorate Of Weed Science Research
Weed Biology And Physiology
Dwsr, Maharajpur Adartal
Jabalpur (mp)
Jabalpur, 482004, MP
India
Email Bhumesh Kumar
SESHADRI REDDY
Weed Scientist
Corteva Agriscience
Weed Biology And Physiology
9330 Zionsville Rd

Indianapolis, 46268, Indiana
United States
Email Seshadri Reddy

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in India have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to V. K. Choudhary, Bhumesh Kumar, and Seshadri Reddy for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge Globally
(Cyperus difformis)
Herbicide Resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge Globally
(Cyperus difformis)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge Globally
(Cyperus difformis)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Australia (New South Wales ) AustraliaNew South Wales 1994 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 1 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge6
2 BrazilBrazil 2000 Rice cyclosulfamuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 5 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5118
3 GreeceGreece 2009 Rice azimsulfuron, and halosulfuron-methyl 19 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge13051
4 IndiaIndia 2017 Rice bispyribac-sodium 21 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge23236
5 ItalyItaly 1999 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, and cinosulfuron 24 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5155
6 South KoreaSouth Korea 2002 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, cinosulfuron, cyclosulfamuron, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 27 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge152
7 SpainSpain 2000 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam 38 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5140
8 TurkeyTurkey 2010 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, bispyribac-sodium, and penoxsulam 71 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5532
9 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia1993 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge391
10 United States (Arkansas) United StatesArkansas2010 Rice halosulfuron-methyl 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5562
11 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia2013 Rice propanil 45 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders ( HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge6739
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