The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.
QUIK STATS (last updated Oct 19, 2016 )
NOTES ABOUT THIS BIOTYPE
Target-site mutation associated with cross-resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in late watergrass (Echinochloa oryzicola Vasing.)
Nikolaos S Kaloumenos, Sofia L Chatzilazaridou, Photini V Mylona, Alexios N Polidoros and Ilias G Eleftherohorinos
Pest Manag Sci 2013; 69: 865–873
BACKGROUND: Studies were carried out to elucidate the mechanism of resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in 29 Echinochloa accessions from water-seeded rice fields of northern Greece and to discriminate the Echinochloa species.
RESULTS: Two E. oryzicola accessions were found to be cross-resistant to penoxsulam, bispyribac-sodium, imazamox, foramsulfuron, nicosulfuron and rimsulfuron, whereas all accessions were susceptible (S) to profoxydim. Sequencing of the ALS gene revealed that resistant (R) accessions had a Trp574Leu mutation, which was also confirmed by TspRI endonuclease digestion. Use of cpDNA sequence comparison analysis of Echinochloa species discriminated successfully E. crus-galli and E. oryzicola accessions.
CONCLUSION: This is the first report of Echinochloa oryzicola cross-resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides as a result of Trp574Leu mutation. The cpDNA sequence comparison analysis is a reliable tool for discrimination of conventionally classified E. crus-galli and E. oryzicola accessions.
CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS